Native Grasses

Native grasses are used in reforestation and pond plantings. Two of the grasses native to the Tennessee area are described below.

One of the native grasses is the andropogon, which is a gras online kaufen perennial that grows during the season from the region of the short grass prairie to the Atlantic Ocean. It is tufted, forms sod, and has short, scaly rhizomes. The andropogon is a tall graass, growing to heights of 6 to 8 feet or more where it is protected from grazing. It base is very leafy with some leaves also on the stem. The andropogon grows in moderately well-drained through excessively well-drained soils. It can also adapt to other soil types such as shallow depth, low pH and low fertility.

The andropogon should not be harvested during its first season when it is establishing itself but during the second season it can be harvested by controlled pasturing or haying. It should not be harvested until it is 20 inches tall or cut lower than 8 inches. At that height, it should be protected from use until it has reached the height of 20 inches again. No cropping should occur below 8 inches or within 1 month of anticipated frosts.

The andropogon has relatively weak seedling planting compared to weeds and cool season grasses; therefore, control of competition is necessary for successful establishment of the grass. Mowing above the seedlings is a common method of weed control. Some herbicides may be used when forage harvests are not anticipated during the year. Grazing of competing cool season grasses after frost in the fall and before the bluestem is 1 inch tall in the spring is desirable, unless soil conditions are too wet.

Another of the native grasses is the Carex lupulina, which is a grass for wetlands restoration that can be found in wooded areas, swamps, fen and wet areas. It grows from 8 inches to over 4 feet in height, is yellow/green in color and its style is frequently bent. It bears fruit from May to September and its leaf is 1 to 5 inches wide and has a spike-like shape.

The grass has photosynthetic stems and leaves that have been reduced to sheaths surrounding the base of the stems. Some types of the Carex lupulina are a robust plant of lowland tropical wetlands, while many others are small annual or perennial herbs growing near streams. There are also some types of the plant that are aquatic, which usually have submerged, branching stems and often exhibit interesting photosynthetic adaptations in response to different environmental stimuli.

One of the best known types of Carex lupulina is the Chinese water chestnut plant. These plants bear tubers on their rhizomes which may be peeled and eaten raw or boiled. In Australia, these tubers are the basic food source for magpie geese for a significant portion of the year.

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